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Who Was E.G. "Ted" Carr?

Dr. Ted Carr

Dr. Edward Carr in the psychology building at Stony Brook University.
(Newsdsay File Photo / Kathy Kmonicek / January 5, 2006)

Edward Gary "Ted" Carr (1948–2009)

Edward G. "Ted" Carr was a teacher, researcher and pioneer in the field of positive behavior support. His early career work focused on examining the environmental origins of self-injurious behavior in children with autism. This early work laid the foundation for his subsequent research on functional communication training and, ultimately, to the conceptual and procedural foundations of positive behavior support. He spent over 30 years as a professor of psychology at Stony Brook University, where he directed research and training activities in positive behavior support and autism in collaboration with his students and colleagues across the country.

Ted was one of the key founders of positive behavior support. His contributions to the definition and the vision of positive behavior support were unmatched. He was an inspiring advocate who argued with tenacity for an infrastructure that would provide for a sustainable and dynamic foundation for the emerging discipline. As such, his was the foremost and most compelling voice that led to the creation of the Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, and his vision, persistence and persuasiveness led also to the establishment of the Association for Positive Behavior Support. As the organization’s first president, Ted was instrumental in helping the organization become a major force in disseminating values-based, scientific practices for people with challenging behavior.


References to E.G. "Ted" Carr's Work

Carr, E.G. (1977). The motivation of self-injurious behavior: A review of some hypotheses. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 800-816.

Carr, E.G. (1994). Emerging themes in the functional analysis of problem behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27(2), 393 399.

Carr, E.G. (2006). SWPBS: The greatest good for the greatest number, or the needs of the majority trump the needs of the minority? Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 31(1), 54-56.

Carr, E.G. (2007). The Expanding Vision of Positive Behavior Support: Research Perspectives on Happiness, Helpfulness, Hopefulness. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9(1), 3-14.

Carr, E.G., & Carlson, J.I. (1993). Reduction of severe behavior problems in the community using a multicomponent treatment approach. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 157-172.

Carr, E.G., Carlson, J.I., Langdon, N.A., Magito-McLaughlin, D., & Yarbrough, S.C. (1999). Two perspectives on antecedent control: Molecular and molar. In J.K. Luiselli & M.J. Cameron (Eds.), Antecedent control: Innovative approaches to behavioral support (pp. 3-28). Baltimore, MD: Brookes.

Carr, E.G., Dunlap, G., Horner, R.H., Koegel, R.L., Turnbull, A., Sailor, W., Anderson, J., Albin, R., Koegel, L.K., & Fox, L. (2002). Positive Behavior Support: Evolution of an applied science. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(1), 4-16. Copyright (2002) by PRO-ED, Inc. Adapted with permission.

Carr, E.G., & Durand, V.M. (1985a). The social communicative basis of severe behavior problems in children. In S. Reiss & R.R. Bootzin (Eds.), Theoretical issues in behavior therapy (pp. 220-254). New York: Academic Press.

Carr, E.G., & Durand, V.M. (1985b). Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 111-126.

Carr, E.G., Horner, R.H., Turnbull, A.P., Marquis, J.G., Magito McLaughlin, D. McAtee, M.L., Smith, C.E., Anderson Ryan, K., Ruef, M.B., & Doolabh, A. (1999). Positive behavior support for people with developmental disabilities: Research synthesis (American Association on Mental Retardation Monograph Series). Washington, D.C.: American Association on Mental Retardation.

Carr, E.G., Levin, L., McConnachie, G., Carlson, J.I., Kemp, D.C., & Smith, C.E. (1994). Communication-based intervention for problem behavior: A user's guide for producing positive change. Baltimore, MD:Brookes.

Carr, E.G., Levin, L., McConnachie, G., Carlson, J.I., Kemp, D.C., Smith, C.E., & Magito-McLaughlin, D. (1999). Comprehensive multisituational intervention for problem behavior in the community: Long term maintenance and social validation. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 1(1), 5-25.

Carr, E.G., McConnachie, G., Levin, L., & Kemp, D.C. (1993). Communication-based treatment of severe behavior problems. In R. Van Houten & S. Axelrod (Eds.), Behavior analysis and treatment (pp. 231-267). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Carr, E.G., Newsom, C.D., & Binkoff, J.A. (1980). Escape as a factor in the aggressive behavior of two retarded children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 101-117.

Carr, E.G., Reeve, C.E., & Magito-McLaughlin, D. (1996). Contextual influences on problem behavior in people with developmental disabilities. In L.K. Koegel, R.L. Koegel,& G. Dunlap (Eds.), Positive behavioral support: Including people with difficult behavior in the community (pp. 403-423). Baltimore, MD:Brookes.

Carr, E. G., & Smith, C. E. (1995). Biological setting events for self-injury. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 1, 94-98.

Carr, E.G., Yarbrough, S.C., & Langdon, N.A. (1997). Effects of idiosyncratic stimulus variables on functional analysis outcomes. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 673-685.

Durand, V. M., & Carr, E. G. (1987). Social influences on "self-stimulatory" behavior: Analysis and treatment application. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20(2), 119-132.

Guess, D., & Carr, E. (1991). Emergence and maintenance of stereotypy and self-injury. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 96(3), 299-319.

Horner, R.H., & Carr, E.G. (1997). Behavioral support for students with severe disabilities: Functional assessment and comprehensive intervention. Journal of Special Education, 31(1), 84-104.

Horner, R. H., Carr, E. G., Strain, P. S., Todd, A. W., and Reed, H. K. (2002). Problem behavior interventions for young children with autism: A research synthesis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 423-446.

Kemp, D.C., & Carr, E.G. (1995). Reduction of severe problem behavior in community employment using an hypothesis-driven multicomponent intervention approach. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 20, 229-247.

Magito McLaughlin, D. & Carr, E.G. (2005). Quality of rapport as a setting event for problem behavior: Assessment and intervention. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 7(2), 68-91.

Magito McLaughlin, D., Mullen James, K., Anderson Ryan, K., & Carr, E.G. (2002). Best practices: Finding a new direction for Christos. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(3), 156-164.

Reeve, C. E., & Carr, E. G. (2000). Prevention of severe behavior problems in children with developmental disorders. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2, 144-160.

Reeve, C.E., & Carr, E.G. (2000). Prevention of severe behavior problems in children with developmental disorders. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2, 144-160.

Taylor, J.C., & Carr, E.G. (1992a). Severe problem behaviors related to social interaction. I: Attention seeking and social avoidance. Behavior Modification, 16, 305-335.

Taylor, J.C., & Carr, E.G. (1992b). Severe problem behaviors related to social interaction. II: A systems analysis. Behavior Modification, 16, 336-371.


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